Gifts to spouse or charity
2 October 2019
There is usually no Capital Gains Tax (CGT) to be paid on the transfer of assets to a spouse or civil partner. There is, however, still a disposal that has taken place for CGT purposes effectively at no gain or loss on the date of the transfer. When the asset ultimately comes to be sold, the gain or loss will be calculated from when the asset was first owned by the original spouse or civil partner.
There are a few exceptions that couples should be aware of where the relief does not apply.
This mainly relates to the use of goods which are sold on by the transferee’s business and for couples that were separated and not living together for the entire tax year, when the assets were transferred. Spouses or civil partners that lived together at any point in the tax year when the assets were transferred can still benefit from these rules. If a transfer did not qualify then the asset must be retrospectively valued at the date of the transfer and the transferor is liable for any gain or loss.
There are similar rules for assets that are gifted to charities. However, CGT may be due where an asset is sold to a charity for more than its cost and less than the market value. The gain in this case would be calculated based on what the charity paid rather than the market value of the asset.